BRILINTA is indicated to reduce the risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or a history of myocardial infarction. For at least the first 12 months following ACS, it is superior to clopidogrel. BRILINTA also reduces the risk of stent thrombosis in patients who have been stented for treatment of ACS.1
PLATO STUDY DESIGN
PLATO was a randomized, international, double-blind, controlled comparative study in patients with ACS hospitalized with or without ST-segment elevation, with an onset of symptoms within 24 hours (N=18,624). The study compared BRILINTA (180-mg loading dose, 90 mg twice daily thereafter) to clopidogrel (300-mg to 600-mg loading dose, 75 mg daily thereafter) for the prevention of thrombotic CV events (CV death, MI, or stroke). Study period was 12 months, with median duration of therapy of 277 days. BRILINTA and clopidogrel were studied with aspirin and other standard therapies.1,2
PEGASUS STUDY DESIGN
PEGASUS-TIMI 54 compared BRILINTA (90 mg twice daily or 60 mg twice daily) vs placebo, each given with low-dose aspirin (75 to 150 mg), for the prevention of thrombotic CV events (CV death, MI, or stroke) in 21,162 patients ≥50 years of age with a history of MI (1 to 3 years prior to randomization). Patients also had at least 1 risk factor for thrombotic CV events (age ≥65 years, diabetes mellitus requiring medication, at least 1 other prior MI, evidence of multivessel coronary artery disease, or creatinine clearance <60 mL/min). Only the 60-mg dose strength is approved for use in patients with a history of MI 1 year after an ACS event. Patients were treated for at least 12 months and up to 48 months with a median follow-up time of 33 months.1,3
ACS=acute coronary syndrome; CV=cardiovascular; MI=myocardial infarction; PEGASUS=Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Prior Heart Attack Using Ticagrelor Compared to Placebo on a Background of Aspirin; PLATO=PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes.
- BRILINTA® (ticagrelor) [package insert]. Wilmington, DE: AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP; 2021.
- Wallentin L, Becker RC, Budaj A, et al; for the PLATO Investigators. Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in patients with acute coronary syndromes. N Engl J Med. 2009;361(11):1045-1057 and Supplementary Appendix.
- Bonaca MP, Bhatt DL, Cohen M, et al; for the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 Steering Committee and Investigators. Long-term use of ticagrelor in patients with prior myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med. 2015;372(19):1791-1800.